Treatment for Corneal Disorders
Corneal disorders can be treated with medications, corneal transplantation, and corneal laser surgery.
Your doctor will prescribe antibiotic eye drops or ointments to treat bacterial and fungal corneal infections.
Corneal transplantation or Keratoplasty
Corneal transplant procedures may be carried out depending on which part of the cornea needs to be replaced, and is performed under general or local anesthesia.
Full-thickness corneal transplants or penetrating keratoplasty
Penetrating keratoplasty involves the removal of the damaged cornea and replacing it with a donated cornea. Your surgeon will use a circular cutting instrument called a trephine to cut through the thickness of the damaged cornea. The new cornea will be placed and sutured with tiny stitches around its edges.
Partial-thickness corneal transplants
The partial-thickness transplant involves the transplantation of only parts of the cornea. Based on the requirement, the front or back portion of the cornea will be transplanted and replaced with donor grafts.
Laser eye surgery is a procedure in which a computer-controlled excimer laser is used to reshape the corneal surface.